A breif summary and overview of Greek and Roman armies, weapons, and tactics.
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Monday, December 5, 2011
Sparta: The Men, The Military, The Government
The Spartan Military was one of the most armies in the ancient world. There vast conquests are still deeply analyzed by historians today. They were a unique society in their own right, as when other Greek city-states were focused on social or spiritual risings; Sparta was concerned with conquest and the power of their army. This desire to fight was needed as Sparta was always under siege from neighboring pirates of different sects and descents. Spartan Military men were the best fit and strong individuals in the world at the time; their great power was matched by few. Yet even though Sparta was so entrenched in war and their military they were still able to expand their government, bettering their society as a whole.
According to AncientMilitary.com:
The Spartan City State (Sparta) produced what is probably the most iconic military in ancient history. The ancient Spartan warriors are known for their bravery, professionalism and skill, a reputation well deserved. At their zenith they proved themselves to be the best of the Greek hoplite warriors, the premier fighting force of their time. Spartan political power peaked from the 6th to 4th century BC; however Spartan military power had its roots much earlier.
The evolution of the Spartan army began during the heroic Mycenaean age (1600 BCE to 1100 BCE), a time in Greek history when tactics were simple and warriors sought individual glory (and fought out of formation). Invading warlike Indo-Europeans attacked from the North in one part of histories’ most massive invasions, spanning the ancient near east from Egypt to India. Waves of invaders vied for land with the local populations.
Sparta was known for being the only Greek city without a city wall, a famous saying among Spartans went something like, “Our men are our walls.”